This user right determines which users can bypass file and directory, registry, and other persistent object permissions for the purposes of backing up the system.
Specifically, this user right is similar to granting the following permissions to the user or group in question on all files and folders on the system:
Traverse Folder/Execute File
List Folder/Read Data
Read Extended Attributes
Assigning this user right can be a security risk. Since there is no way to be sure that a user is backing up data, stealing data, or copying data to be distributed, only assign this user right to trusted users.
Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Local Policies\User Rights Assignment
Default on workstations and servers: Administrators Backup Operators. Default on domain controllers:Administrators Backup Operators Server Operators
At least Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2003
User Rights security settings are not registry keys